students' learning experiences to higher levels of engagement and success.
Levels 3 and 4, Modification and Redefinition, can transform a task, maximize student engagement and have a significant impact on student success. Typically these tasks are seen in student-centered learning environments that foster critical thinking, complex problem solving, collaboration, and multimedia communication.
- Substitution: At this level, technology acts as a direct substitute to the traditional task with no functional change in learning or teaching. For example, using a word processor instead of pen and paper to write an essay.
- Augmentation: At this level, technology acts as a direct substitute to the traditional task, but there is some functional change in learning or teaching. For example, using Google Docs (adding comments, sharing documents, using add-ons) instead of pen and paper to write an essay.
- Modification: At this level, technology allows for some significant redesign of the task. The outcome is the same, but has somehow been enhanced. For example, students can publish their essays on blogs and may include videos (from sources such as YouTube) and links to supplement their writing. They are writing for a global audience and may interact (via comments) with that audience.
- Redefinition: At this level, technology makes new tasks possible that were previously inconceivable without the use of the technology. The technology is a means to support learning of 21st century skills while addressing content objectives. For example, students can publish their essay on a blog and include videos and other digital media (that they have created themselves) as a means to supplement their writing. They are writing for a global audience and may interact (via comments) with that audience.
The following video, created by students, provides an overview of the SAMR model. This is a great example of a learning activity that supports the acquisition of 21st century skills!
Do you have examples of lessons where you have integrated technology? Where do these lessons fall within the SAMR Model?
I referenced the following resources in preparation for writing this blog post. I highly recommend that you take a look at a few of them if you'd like additional information on the SAMR model.
Levels of Implementation: SAMR
Example of SAMR Model Applied to Curation
Example of SAMR Model Applied to Online discussion
Kathy Schrock's Guide to Everything
Special Education iPad Guide
A Guide to Bringing the SAMR Model to iPads (using coffee no less!)
Using SAMR to Teach Above the Line